Faced with climate change, action!
GUIDE FOR THE DECARBONIZATION OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
The special report – Global Warming of 1.5 °C – published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 2018, exposes the risks of this emergency and points to the urgent need to decarbonize the world’s economies in the very short term, to avoid the severe impacts caused by a greater increase in temperature. For this, it is necessary to identify and evaluate mitigation technologies aligned with the objective of limiting the temperature increase below the agreed limits, which will mean achieving zero net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050, in parallel to the Economic and social development of the countries. The goals that are established, based on the analysis of the best technological solutions for each country, must be ambitious, measurable and rationally distributed over time so that sectoral decarbonization routes can be built with specific actors and actions.
The challenge is for countries to reduce their GHG emissions, at the best cost-benefit for their development, and achieve the goals committed to during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in their nationally determined contributions in the short and medium term. To help them, IDOM has prepared the publication – Analytical Framework and Guide for planning to respond to climate change and ecologically sound technologies (TER) – for the Latin American and Caribbean region (LAC), with the coordination of INECC (National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change of Mexico), and the financial support of the Inter-American Development Bank.
The study seeks to guide the countries of the region in the use of analytical models and IT tools for robust, informed and consensual planning and decision-making on the development and inclusion of technologies, as an action against climate change in the sectors of efficiency energy, renewable energy and transport. It aims to be a practical instrument that facilitates planning in an effective and participatory manner, among government, private sector, academic and civil society actors.
January 28, 2020
The document includes 4 cases where models were used in climate planning:
- Costa Rica. Use of SUPER OLADE 6.0, OPTGEN 7.2.7 and SDDP models for the electrical development planning process and preparation of the 2016-2035 Generation Expansion Plan.
- Chile. Studies generated with the PET, PLP and PCP models to generate support information for the Geothermal Energy Round Table.
- Chile. Implementation of the ESTRAUS, MODEM and MODEC models for the evolution of mobility in Santiago, Chile.
- Mexico. Use of the LEAP-IBC model to develop the Energy Efficiency Roadmap and analysis of health co-benefits of the selected measures.
Mariana Silva Paredes ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
PHOTO / IMAGE
Some projects developed by IDOM in the sectors of energy efficiency, renewable energy and transport. Photo 1: Model of energy governance of Jalisco, Mexico; Photo 2: Line 6 of the Santiago de Chile Metro.